Clima East: Sustainable Management of Pastures in Georgia


UNDP Georgia environmentA shepherd with a flock at a sheep migratory route. 2014. Photo: Antonio di Vico/UNDP

Clima East is the initiative of the European Union to assist national governments in Eastern Neighbourhood to mitigate and adapt to the climate change by introducing innovative practices of pasture management.

In Georgia, Clima East works to improve pasture management in the Vashlovani Protected Areas.

What We Do

The European Union and UNDP work with the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection, and Agency for Protected Areas of Georgia to rehabilitate over 4,000 ha of degraded pastures and 300 ha of migratory route by introducing and implementing sustainable pasture management practices among farmers and sheep-breeders.

Some results so far

In 2013, UNDP established the project management team and conducted an inception workshop to define the area of cooperation with different stakeholders, such as: Agency for Protected Areas, Ministry of Agriculture, Dedoplistskaro and Akhmeta municipalities, administration of the Vashlovani Protected Area, one of the leading Georgian environmental NGOs NACRES, and international partners – World Wide Fund for Nature and U.S. Agency for International Development.

A preparatory stage of the project was completed by November 2013 with the following first results:

  • For the first time, a map consolidating information on vegetation types and their spread in the Vashlovani Protected Areas was created. The map was prepared based on GIS analysis and field trotting;
  •  A new accurate map was created based on hard copies of the soviet maps that specify the exact locations of farms and pastures;
  • A comprehensive assessment to study livelihoods of Tushetian shepherds and to examine their socio-economic attitudes, dependency on pastures, and opportunities for livelihood improvement was launched;
  • In Vashlovani Protected Area four sites with different vegetation types were fenced to draw out long-term pasture monitoring system and create appropriate methodology for botanical surveys. 
In 2014:
  • Preparation of Sustainable Pasture Management Plan for Vashlovani Protected Areas kicked off;
  • Local livelihood assessment which identifies the needs of the Tush shepherds was conducted. According to the survey, one of the main concerns is the absence of unified veterinary service. To tackle this need, UNDP plans to introduce such services for around 30 thousand sheep;
  • Carbon inventory of pasturelands, general soil fertility assessment and water balance modelling was carried out; 
  • High-level conferences brought together the representatives of the Government and international organizations to share experience, information and coordinate on the issues of pastures management;
  • Two automatic meteorological stations were purchased for Vashlovani Protected Areas
  • Works to introduce natural flow based water supply system launched


Who finances it

Total Budget US$  1,389,609
European Union US$   1,298,700
UNDP US$       26,900


2014 US$ 520,423.91
2013 US$ 114,709.79