6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

Where we are

Georgia poverty farmer
A farmer in the Kakheti region. September 2012. Photo: David Khizanishvili/UNDP

Georgia has enjoyed impressive economic growth largely due to a wide range of reforms. However, desite the growth, poverty has decreased only slightly, and both the incidence and severity of poverty remain of great concern to the Government.

Positive trends in poverty reduction and economic development were challenged by the war with Russia in August 2008 and the world economic crisis. These negative trends have started to reverse in 2010.  Georgia’s economy grew by 7.5 % in the first three quarters of 2012, showing some decline with the same period of 2011 (7.9%). Despite the economic growth, the extreme poverty level decreased only slightly (9.7 in 2010 and 9.2 in 2011) while poverty increased from 22.7% in 2010 up to 23% in 2011. Source: Geostat

Unemployment remains high (15.1%, 2011; estimated youth unemployment – more than 30%). More than 70% of the population regard themselves as unemployed, as showed by NDI public opinion survey in mid-2012. 70% of the population is economically or socially vulnerable according to the UNDP research.

Through its Economic Development programme, UNDP continues to assist the government of Georgia in developing new strategies for promoting sustainable economic growth, and in planning and implementing economic reforms. The programme focuses especially on encouraging private sector development, promoting professional education and on assisting local development.

UNDP's work in Georgia

  • Tengiz Mikeladze in his blueberry plot. June 2014 Photo: Vladimer Valishvili/UNDP

    Farmer of Tomorrow

    “Fresh air, smell of soil and seasonal harvest are everyday joys of a farmer,” says Tengiz Mikeladze from the remote village Buturauli.   Tengiz is amore

  • Musa Usmanov in a shoe-making shop. Photo: Daro Sulakauri/UNDP

    Seeds of Knowledge

    Isolda Kitesashvili became a farmer to help her family out of extreme poverty. She used to be a doctor in Kakheti, until the early 1990s whenmore

Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption